Anterior vs. Posterior 
Cervical Fusion

What is the difference between an Anterior Cervical Fusion and a Posterior Cervical Fusion? It’s how you approach the spine. An Anterior Cervical Fusion approaches the spine from the front (anterior) of the body, while a Posterior Cervical Fusion approaches from the back (posterior) of the body.

Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion (ACDF) surgery is a very common and successful procedure to remove a herniated or degenerative disc in the cervical spine. Access to the spine is achieved by making an incision in the right or left side of the neck and muscles are moved aside. The trachea, esophagus, and arteries are retracted to locate the affected disc. The disc is partly or fully removed and bone spurs pressing on the nerve root are removed. 

Posterior Cervical Fusion surgery is used for cases of congenital deformity, trauma, tumor, or severe rheumatoid arthritis. In this procedure, a series of screws, plates, rods, and/or connectors are used to stabilize the spine, which is accessed in either an open or minimally invasive procedure.

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Important Note: This information is intended as an educational resource to provide an overview of the procedure. The information should, in no way, be used as a substitute for informed discussions between the patient and physician regarding possible and eventual course of treatment. Medical treatment is individually specific to each patient’s symptoms. The information contained herein may not apply to you, your condition, treatment, or expected outcome. Surgical techniques and practices vary. Complications may occur. It is important to talk with your physician about all indications, contraindications, warnings, precautions, clinical results, and other important medical considerations as pertain to this procedure. For further information on product contraindications, warnings, precautions, and possible adverse effects, click here.

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